A clinical trial to compare how well different combinations of drugs called immune checkpoint inhibitors work with axitinib in people with previously untreated kidney cancer (renal cell carcinoma) that has spread and cannot be removed with surgery

A Study of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Combinations With Axitinib in Participants With Untreated Locally Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Cancer
  • Renal Cell Cancer (RCC)
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
Please note that the recruitment status of the trial at your site may differ from the overall study status because some study sites may recruit earlier than others.
Trial Status:

Recruiting

This trial runs in
Cities
  • Atlanta
  • Aurora
  • Avignon
  • Baltimore
  • Barcelona
  • bei-jing-shi
  • Besançon
  • Birmingham
  • Birtinya
  • Bordeaux
  • Brzozów
  • Bydgoszcz
  • Caen
  • Chattanooga
  • Córdoba
  • Dallas
  • Dresden
  • Fort Myers
  • Goyang-si
  • Hamburg
  • Hannover
  • Hwasun
  • Knoxville
  • Kraków
  • Kurralta Park
  • London
  • Lublin
  • Lyon
  • Madrid
  • Manchester
  • München
  • nan-jing-shi
  • Nashville
  • Nottingham
  • Nürtingen
  • Orange
  • Poznań
  • Seoul
  • Sevilla
  • tian-jin-shi
  • Tübingen
  • Ulm
  • València
  • Villejuif
  • Warszawa
  • Washington
  • xi-an-shi
Trial Identifier:

NCT05805501 BO43936

      Show trial locations

      The source of the below information is public registry websites such as ClinicalTrials.gov, EuClinicalTrials.eu, ISRCTN.com, etc.. It has been summarised and edited into simpler language. For more information about this clinical trial see the For Expert tab on the specific ForPatients page or follow these links to https://clinicaltrials.gov and/or https://euclinicaltrials.eu and/or https://www.isrctn.com.

      The below information is taken directly from public registry websites such as ClinicalTrials.gov, EuClinicalTrials.eu, ISRCTN.com, etc., and has not been edited.

      Results Disclaimer

      Trial Summary

      This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of tobemstomig (also known as RO7247669) in combination with axitinib alone or with tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) and axitinib, as compared to pembrolizumab and axitinib in participants with previously untreated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).

      Hoffmann-La Roche Sponsor
      Phase 2 Phase
      NCT05805501,BO43936 Trial Identifier
      All Gender
      ≥18 Years Age
      No Healthy Volunteers

      1. Why is the BO43936 clinical trial needed?

      Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common form of kidney cancer. It is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the lining of the tubes in the kidney. RCC that is ‘locally advanced unresectable’ means the cancer has grown outside of the kidneys and is not removable by surgery, but it has not spread to other parts of the body. RCC that is ‘metastatic’ means the cancer has spread to other body parts.

      Treatments for RCC have improved in recent years. However, new treatments are needed for people with locally advanced or metastatic RCC.

      The standard first treatment that is approved in a number of countries for people with locally advanced or metastatic RCC is pembrolizumab given together with axitinib. Pembrolizumab is a type of medicine called an ‘immune checkpoint inhibitor’, or ICI, that helps your immune system to fight cancer. Axitinib is a type of medicine called a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, or TKI, that works by killing cancer cells.

      2. How does the BO43936 clinical trial work?

      This clinical trial is recruiting people who have renal cell carcinoma (RCC). People can take part if their RCC is untreated and has spread to nearby cells (locally advanced) and cannot be removed with surgery (unresectable), or that has spread to other parts of the body (metastatic).

      The purpose of this clinical trial is to compare the effects, good or bad, of combinations of ICIs given with TKIs against the standard ICI/TKI treatment in people with RCC. Participants will either be given:

      • Tobemstomig (an ICI) with axitinib (a TKI), or
      • Tobemstomig with tiragolumab (an ICI) and axitinib
      • The standard treatment pembrolizumab with axitinib

      Participants will be given the clinical trial treatment regularly until the RCC worsens, they have unacceptable side effects, or they have completed 35 rounds of treatment (also called ‘cycles’). Each treatment cycle lasts for 3 weeks.

      Participants will be seen by the clinical trial doctor regularly. These hospital visits will include checks to see how the participant is responding to the treatment and any side effects they may be having. After the final dose of treatment, follow-up information will be collected every 3 months for as long as participants agree to it or until the trial ends. This will be via telephone calls, participant medical records or clinic visits. Participants’ total time in the clinical trial will be approximately 2 years. Participants are free to stop trial treatment and leave the clinical trial at any time.

      Participants will be allowed to continue with the treatment they receive in the trial beyond 35 cycles if they will benefit from continuing treatment.

      3. What are the main endpoints of the BO43936 clinical trial?

      The main clinical trial endpoints (the main results that are measured in the trial to see if the medicine has worked) are:

      1) The length of time participants live without their cancer worsening (progression-free survival, or PFS)

      2) The number and seriousness of any side effects that occur while on the clinical trial treatment

      The other clinical trial endpoints include:

      • How long people live (overall survival, or OS)
      • The number of people whose cancer responds to treatment (overall response rate, or ORR) and
      • How long the response to treatment lasts (duration of response, or DOR)

      4. Who can take part in this clinical trial?

      People can take part in this trial if they are at least 18 years of age, have been diagnosed with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic RCC and have not previously been given treatment for RCC.

      People may not be able to take part in this trial if they have RCC that has spread to the brain and/or spinal cord, if they have certain other medical conditions, or have previously received certain treatments. Women cannot take part in this trial if they are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning to become pregnant.

      5. What treatment will participants be given in this clinical trial?

      This is an open-label, randomised trial. Open-label means that everyone involved, including the participants and the doctors, knows which clinical trial drug is being used. Participants will be randomly assigned (by chance) to one of the following three treatment groups (also called treatment ‘arms’) and will be given:

      Arm A:

      • Tobemstomig given as infusions into the vein every 3 weeks for approximately 2 years
      • Axitinib given as oral tablets twice a day for approximately 2 years

      or

      Arm B:

      • Tobemstomig given as infusions into the vein every 3 weeks for approximately 2 years
      • Tiragolumab given as infusions into the vein every 3 weeks for approximately 2 years
      • Axitinib given as oral tablets twice a day for approximately 2 years

      or

      Control Arm:

      • Pembrolizumab given as infusions into the vein every 3 weeks for approximately 2 years
      • Axitinib given as oral tablets twice a day for approximately 2 years

      Participants will have a 1 in 3 chance of being placed in any of the three treatment arms.

      After 35 treatment cycles (approximately 2 years), participants will be allowed to continue treatment with tobemstomig if they are in Arm A or with tobemstomig and tiragolumab if they are in Arm B, if the doctor believes that they will benefit from it.

      6. Are there any risks or benefits in taking part in this clinical trial?

      The safety or effectiveness of the experimental treatment or use may not be fully known at the time of the trial. Most trials involve some risks to the participant, although it may not be greater than the risks related to routine medical care or the natural progression of the health condition. Potential participants will be told about any risks and benefits of taking part in the clinical trial, as well as any additional procedures, tests, or assessments they will be asked to undergo. These will all be described in an informed consent document (a document that provides people with the information they need to make a decision to volunteer for a clinical trial). A potential participant should also discuss these with members of the research team and with their usual healthcare provider. Anyone interested in taking part in a clinical trial should know as much as possible about the trial and feel comfortable asking the research team any questions about the trial.

      Risks associated with the clinical trial drugs

      Participants may have side effects (an unwanted effect of a drug or medical treatment) from the drugs used in this clinical trial. Side effects can be mild to severe and even life-threatening and can vary from person to person.

      Tobemstomig, tiragolumab and pembrolizumab

      Potential participants will be told about the known side effects of tobemstomig, tiragolumab, and pembrolizumab, and where relevant, also potential side effects based on human and laboratory studies or knowledge of similar drugs. Tobemstomig, tiragolumab, and pembrolizumab will be given via intravenous infusion at a hospital. This involves inserting a needle into a vein to allow the medicine to enter the bloodstream right away. Participants will be told about any known side effects of intravenous infusions.

      Axitinib

      Potential participants will be told about the known side effects of axitinib, and where relevant, also potential side effects based on human and laboratory studies or knowledge of similar drugs. Axitinib will be given as oral tablets (given by mouth) to be taken at home, and participants will be told about any known side effects of oral administration.

      Potential benefits associated with the clinical trial

      Participants' health may or may not improve from participation in the clinical trial, but the information that is collected may help other people who have a similar medical condition in the future.

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      For more information about this clinical trial see the For Expert tab on the specific ForPatients page or follow this link to ClinicalTrials.gov

      Trial Summary

      This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of tobemstomig (also known as RO7247669) in combination with axitinib alone or with tiragolumab (anti-TIGIT) and axitinib, as compared to pembrolizumab and axitinib in participants with previously untreated, unresectable locally advanced or metastatic clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).

      Hoffmann-La Roche Sponsor
      Phase 2 Phase
      NCT05805501,BO43936 Trial Identifier
      Tobemstomig, Tiragolumab, Pembrolizumab, Axitinib Treatments
      Renal Cell Carcinoma Condition
      Official Title

      A randomised, open label, phase II study of immune checkpoint inhibitor combinations with axitinib in patients with previously untreated, locally advanced unresectable or metastatic renal cell carcinoma

      Eligibility Criteria

      All Gender
      ≥18 Years Age
      No Healthy Volunteers
      Inclusion Criteria
      • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) of 0 or 1
      • International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium (IMDC) risk intermediate (score of 1 or 2) or poor (score of 3-6)
      • Measurable disease with at least one measurable lesion
      • Histologically confirmed ccRCC with or without sarcomatoid features
      • Negative for HIV, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C virus (HCV)
      Exclusion Criteria
      • Pregnant or breastfeeding, or intention of becoming pregnant during the study or within 90 days after the final dose of tiragolumab, 4 months after the final dose of tobemstomig (RO7249669) and pembrolizumab, or for 1 week after the final dose of axitinib, whichever occurs last
      • Inability to swallow a tablet or malabsorption syndrome
      • Prior treatment for localized and/or metastatic RCC with systemic RCC-directed therapy, including T-cell costimulating or immune checkpoint blockade therapies
      • Ongoing use or anticipated need for treatment with a strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitor or inducer
      • Major surgical procedure, other than for diagnosis, within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the study
      • Uncontrolled or symptomatic hypercalcemia or symptomatic hypercalcemia requiring continued use of bisphosphonate therapy or denosumab
      • Symptomatic, untreated, or actively progressing central nervous system (CNS) metastases
      • History of leptomeningeal disease
      • Uncontrolled tumor-related pain
      • Uncontrolled pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, or ascites requiring recurrent drainage procedures (once monthly or more frequently)
      • Moderate to severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh B or C)
      • Uncontrolled hypertension
      • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy
      • Significant cardiovascular/cerebrovascular disease within 3 months prior to randomization
      • History of clinically significant ventricular dysrhythmias or risk factors for ventricular dysrhythmias
      • History of congenital QT syndrome
      • Resting heart rate (HR) > 100 bpm (or clinically significant tachycardia)
      • Stroke (including transient ischemic attack), myocardial infarction, or other symptomatic ischemic event, or thromboembolic event (e.g., deep venous thrombosis [DVT], pulmonary embolism [PE]) within 3 months before randomization
      • Significant vascular disease (e.g., aortic aneurysm or arterial dissection requiring surgical repair or recent peripheral arterial thrombosis) within 6 months prior to Day 1 of Cycle 1
      • Tumors invading pulmonary blood vessels, cavitating pulmonary lesions or known endobronchial disease
      • Tumor invading the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, including abdominal or tracheoesophageal fistulas
      • Evidence of abdominal free air not explained by paracentesis or recent surgical procedure
      • Active peptic ulcer disease, acute pancreatitis, acute obstruction of the pancreatic or biliary duct, appendicitis, cholangitis, cholecystitis, diverticulitis, gastric outlet obstruction
      • Intra-abdominal abscess within 6 months before initiation of study treatment
      • Clinical signs or symptoms of GI obstruction or requirement for routine parenteral hydration, parenteral nutrition, or tube feeding
      • Evidence of bleeding diathesis or significant coagulopathy
      • Grade ≥ 3 hemorrhage or bleeding event within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment
      • Clinically significant hematuria, hematemesis, hemoptysis of > 0.5 teaspoon (2.5 mL) of red blood, coagulopathy, or other history of significant bleeding (e.g., pulmonary hemorrhage) within 3 months before initiation of study treatment
      • Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency
      • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medication within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment, or anticipation of need for systemic immunosuppressive medication during study treatment
      • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplantation
      • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, or idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest computed tomography (CT) scan
      • History of another primary malignancy other than RCC within 2 years prior to screening, with the exception of malignancies with a negligible risk of metastasis or death (e.g., 5-year OS rate > 90%)
      • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before randomization or anticipation that such a live, attenuated vaccine will be required during the study
      • Active tuberculosis (TB)
      • Severe infection within 4 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
      • Participants with active Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection or known or suspected chronic active EBV infection at screening
      • Treatment with therapeutic oral or IV antibiotics within 2 weeks prior to initiation of study treatment
      • Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster *ovary cell products or to any component of tobemstomig, tiragolumab, pembrolizumab, or axitinib

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